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Old Mon, Aug-19-02, 15:40
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Default This is a re-listing of the above references

Quote:
I have re-listed here all the above references and where a discussion or thread exists about them on the forums:



References
1 McCully KS, Wilson RB. Homocysteine theory of arteriosclerosis. Atherosclerosis 1975 Sep-Oct;22(2):215-27.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=54420
http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=52527

2 Gary Taubes, Does Inflammation Cut to the Heart of the Matter? Science Magazine Volume 296, Number 5566, Issue of 12 Apr 2002, pp. 242-245.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=53891

3 Hu FB, Willett WC, Types of dietary fat and risk of coronary heart disease: a critical review. J Am Coll Nutr 2001 Feb;20(1):5-19.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=52776

4 Lee Hooper et al, Dietary fat intake and prevention of cardiovascular disease: systematic review. BMJ 2001;322:757-763 (31 March).

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=53549

5 Niacin also raises HDL. Tavvintharan S, Kashyap ML, The benefits of niacin in atherosclerosis. Curr Atheroscler Rep 2001 Jan; 3(1):74-82.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=54396

6 Ridker PM, Stampfer MJ, Rifai N. Novel risk factors for systemic atherosclerosis: a comparison of C-reactive protein, fibrinogen, homocysteine, lipoprotein(a), and standard cholesterol screening as predictors of peripheral arterial disease. JAMA 2001 May 16;285(19):2481-5.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=53891

7 Pai T, Yeh YY Stearic acid unlike shorter-chain saturated fatty acids is poorly utilized for triacylglycerol synthesis and beta-oxidation in cultured rat hepatocytes. Lipids 1996 Feb;31(2):159-64.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=53606

8 Kelly FD, Sinclair AJ, Mann NJ, Turner AH, Raffin FL, Blandford MV, Pike MJ. Short-term diets enriched in stearic or palmitic acids do not alter plasma lipids, platelet aggregation or platelet activation status. Eur J Clin Nutr 2002 Jun;56(6):490-9.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=53606

9 Francisco J. Sánchez-Muniz*, Mari Cruz Merinero*, Sonia Rodríguez-Gil*, Jose M Ordovas, Sofía Ródenas and Carmen Cuesta** Dietary Fat Saturation Affects Apolipoprotein AII Levels and HDL Composition in Postmenopausal Women The American Society for Nutritional Sciences. J. Nutr. 132:50-54, 2002.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=52960

10 Pai T, Yeh YY. Stearic acid unlike shorter-chain saturated fatty acids is poorly utilized for triacylglycerol synthesis and beta-oxidation in cultured rat hepatocytes. Lipids 1996 Feb;31(2):159-64.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=53606

11 Gary Taubes The Soft Science of Dietary Fat Science. Volume 291, Number 5513, Issue of 30 Mar 2001, pp. 2536-2545.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=40182

12 Davidson MH, Hunninghake D, Maki KC, Kwiterovich PO Jr, Kafonek S Comparison of the effects of lean red meat vs lean white meat on serum lipid levels among free-living persons with hypercholesterolemia: a long-term, randomized clinical trial. Arch Intern Med 1999 Jun 28;159(12):1331-8..

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=53602

13 Kreger BE, Anderson KM, Schatzkin A, Splansky GL.Cancer Serum cholesterol level, body mass index, and the risk of colon cancer. The Framingham Study. 1992 Sep 1;70(5):1038-43

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=52741

14 Hawthon K, Cowen P, Owens D, Bond A, Elliott M. Low serum cholesterol and suicide. Br J Psychiatry 1993 Jun;162:818-25.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=52741

15 Ellison LF, Morrison HI Low serum cholesterol concentration and risk of suicide. Epidemiology 2001 Mar;12(2):168-72.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=52741

16 Castelli, William, Concerning the Possibility of a Nut... Archives of Internal Med, Jul 1992, 1527):1371-2.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=52783

17 Posner BM, Cupples LA, Franz MM, Gagnon DR. Diet and heart disease risk factors in adult American men and women: the Framingham Offspring-Spouse nutrition studies. Int J Epidemiol 1993 Dec;22(6):1014-25.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=52783

18 Dreon DM, Fernstrom HA, Campos H, Blanche P, Williams PT, Krauss RM.Change in dietary saturated fat intake is correlated with change in mass of large low-density-lipoprotein particles in men. Am J Clin Nutr 1998 May;67(5):828-36.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=53606

19 Mensink et al. Effect of dietary fatty acids on serum lipids and lipoproteins. A meta-analysis of 27 trials. Arterioscler Thromb 1992; 12: 911-9.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=52960

20 L.A. Corr, M.F. Oliver The low fat/low cholesterol diet is ineffective--European Heart Journal European Heart Journal (1997) 18, 18-22.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=53847

21 Frank B Hu, Meir J Stampfer, JoAnn E Manson, Eric Rimm, Graham A Colditz, Frank E Speizer, Charles H Hennekens and Walter C Willett Dietary protein and risk of ischemic heart disease in women American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 70, No. 2, 221-227, August 1999.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=49822
http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=56484

22 Frank B Hu and Walter Willett. Reply to TC Campbell. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 71, No. 3, 850-851, March 2000.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=49822

23 Velez-Carrasco W, Lichtenstein AH, Welty FK, Li Z, Lamon-Fava S, Dolnikowski GG, Schaefer EJ. Dietary restriction of saturated fat and cholesterol decreases HDL ApoA-I secretion. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 1999 Apr;19(4):918-24.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=52776
http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=48665

24 Brinton E, S. E., Jan Breslow (1990). "A Low-fat Diet Decreases High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) Cholesterol Levels by Decreasing HDL Apolipoprotein Transport Rates." J Clin. Invest. 85(January): 144-151.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=52776
http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=48665

25 Kris-Etherton PM. AHA Science Advisory: monounsaturated fatty acids and risk of cardiovascular disease. American Heart Association Nutrition Committee. Circulation.. 1999;100:1253-1258

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=47015

26 Simin Liu, JoAnn E Manson, Frank B Hu and Walter C Willett. Reply to DL Katz. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 73, No. 1, 132-133, January 2001.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=49822

27 Liu S, Willett WC, Stampfer MJ, et al. A prospective study of dietary glycemic load, carbohydrate intake, and risk of coronary heart disease in US women. Am J Clin Nutr 2000;71:1455-61.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=49822

28 Simin Liu, JoAnn E Manson, Frank B Hu and Walter C Willett, Reply to BO Schneeman, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 73, No. 1, 130-131, January 2001.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=49822

29 J Jeppesen, P Schaaf, C Jones, MY Zhou, YD Chen and GM Reaven Effects of low-fat, high-carbohydrate diets on risk factors for ischemic heart disease in postmenopausal women. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol 65, 1027-1033, 1997.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=49823

30 MB Katan, Effect of low-fat diets on plasma high-density lipoprotein concentrations. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol 67, 573S-576S, 1998.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=48665

31 Eric C Westman Is dietary carbohydrate essential for human nutrition? American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 75, No. 5, 951-953, May 2002.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=46187

32 Simin Liu, JoAnn E Manson, Julie E Buring, Meir J Stampfer, Walter C Willett and Paul M Ridker, Relation between a diet with a high glycemic load and plasma concentrations of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in middle-aged women. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 75, No. 3, 492-498, March 2002.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=46832

33 Kromhout et al. Dietary saturated and trans fatty acids and cholesterol and 25-year mortality from coronary heart disease: the Seven Countries Study.Prev Med 1995; 24: 308-15

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/...5&dopt=Abstract

34 Kafatos A, Diacatou A, Voukiklaris G, Nikolakakis N, Vlachonikolis J, Kounali D, Mamalakis G, Dontas AS. Heart disease risk-factor status and dietary changes in the Cretan population over the past 30 y: the Seven Countries Study. Am J Clin Nutr 1997 Jun;65(6):1882-6.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/...7&dopt=Abstract

35 L Serra-Majem, L Ribas, R Tresserras, J Ngo and L Salleras. How could changes in diet explain changes in coronary heart disease mortality in Spain? The Spanish paradox American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol 61, 1351S-1359S, 1995.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=50652

36 Boucher P, de Lorgeril M, Salen P, Crozier P, Delaye J, Vallon JJ, Geyssant A, Dante R.
Effect of dietary cholesterol on low density lipoprotein-receptor, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase, and low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein mRNA expression in healthy humans. Lipids 1998 Dec;33(12):1177-86.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...=&postid=500744

37 Hu FB, Stampfer MJ, Rimm EB, Manson JE, Ascherio A, Colditz GA, Rosner BA, Spiegelman D, Speizer FE, Sacks FM, Hennekens CH, Willett WC. A prospective study of egg consumption and risk of cardiovascular disease in men and women. JAMA 1999 Apr 21;281(15):1387-94.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=49822
http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=46819

38 McNamara DJ. Dietary cholesterol and the optimal diet for reducing risk of atherosclerosis. Can J Cardiol 1995 Oct;11 Suppl G:123G-126G.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=54219

39 Jones PJ, Pappu AS, Hatcher L, Li ZC, Illingworth DR, Connor WE, Dietary cholesterol feeding suppresses human cholesterol synthesis measured by deuterium incorporation and urinary mevalonic acid levels. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 1996 Oct;16(10):1222-8.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/...7&dopt=Abstract

40 Menotti A, Keys A, Blackburn H, Kromhout D, Karvonen M, Nissinen A, Pekkanen J, Punsar S, Fidanza F, Giampaoli S, Seccareccia F, Buzina R, Mohacek I, Nedeljkovic S, Aravanis C, Dontas A, Toshima H, Lanti M. Comparison of multivariate predictive power of major risk factors for coronary heart diseases in different countries: results from eight nations of the Seven Countries Study, 25-year follow-up. J Cardiovasc Risk 1996 Feb;3(1):69-75.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/...3&dopt=Abstract

41 Verschuren WM, Jacobs DR, Bloemberg BP, Kromhout D, Menotti A, Aravanis C, Blackburn H, Buzina R, Dontas AS, Fidanza F, et al. Serum total cholesterol and long-term coronary heart disease mortality in different cultures. Twenty-five-year follow-up of the seven countries study. JAMA 1995 Jul 12;274(2):131-6.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/...0&dopt=Abstract

42 Walter C Willett, Reply to AE Hardman American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 72, No. 4, 1061-1062, October 2000.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=52420

43 Walter C. Willett Will High-Carbohydrate/Low-Fat Diets Reduce the Risk of Coronary Heart Disease? Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 2000 Dec; 225(3):187-90.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=52776

44 Lapidus L, Bengtsson C, Lindquist O, Sigurdsson JA, Rybo E. Triglycerides--main lipid risk factor for cardiovascular disease in women? Acta Med Scand 1985;217(5):481-9.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=52961

45 Harjai KJ. Potential new cardiovascular risk factors : left ventricular hypertrophy, homocysteine, lipoprotein(a), triglycerides , oxidative stress, and fibrinogen. Ann Intern Med 1999 Sep 7;131(5):376-86.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=52961
http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=53891

46 Walter Willett, Meir Stampfer, Nain-Feng Chu, Donna Spiegelman, Michelle Holmes and Eric Rimm Assessment of Questionnaire Validity for Measuring Total Fat Intake using Plasma Lipid Levels as Criteria American Journal of Epidemiology Vol. 154, No. 12 : 1107-1112
2001.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=52961

47 Ronald M. Krauss, et al, AHA Dietary Guidelines : Revision 2000: A Statement for Healthcare Professionals From the Nutrition Committee of the American Heart Association Circulation 0: 2296-2311.
48 Salmeron J, Hu FB, Manson JE, Stampfer MJ, Colditz GA, Rimm EB, Willett WC. Dietary fat intake and risk of type 2 diabetes in women.Am J Clin Nutr 2001 Jun;73(6):1019-26.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=52914

49 Marion J. Franz, et al. Evidence-Based Nutrition Principles and Recommendations for the Treatment and Prevention of Diabetes and Related Complications Diabetes Care 25:148-198, 2002.
50 Barbara V. Howard, PhD; Judith Wylie-Rosett, RD, EdD AHA Scientific Statement Sugar and Cardiovascular Disease A Statement for Healthcare Professionals From the Committee on Nutrition of the Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism of the American Heart Association Circulation. 2002;106:523

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=52514

51 Very low fat diets may harm some people. BMJ 1998 Feb 21;316(7131):573

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=50498

52 Willett WC Dietary fat plays a major role in obesity: No. Obesity Review 2002 May;3(2):59-68.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=52414

53 Walter C Willett Is dietary fat a major determinant of body fat? Am J Clin Nutr 1998;67(suppl):556S-62S. 1998

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=47089

54 Westman EC, Yancy WS, Edman JS, Tomlin KF, Perkins CE, Effect of 6-month adherence to a very low carbohydrate diet program. Am J Med 2002 Jul;113(1):30-6.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=51444

55 Hu FB, Stampfer MJ, Manson JE, Rimm EB, Colditz GA, Rosner BA, Speizer FE, Hennekens CH, Willett WC. Frequent nut consumption and risk of coronary heart disease in women: prospective cohort study. BMJ 1998 Nov 14;317(7169):1341-5.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=49822

56 Loren Cordain, Janette Brand Miller, S Boyd Eaton, Neil Mann, Susanne HA Holt and John D Speth Plant-animal subsistence ratios and macronutrient energy estimations in worldwide hunter-gatherer diets. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 71, No. 3, 682-692, March 2000.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=50470

57 Cordain L, Eaton SB, Miller JB, Mann N, Hill K. The paradoxical nature of hunter-gatherer diets: meat-based, yet non-atherogenic. Eur J Clin Nutr 2002 Mar;56 Suppl 1:S42-52.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=50470

58 Loren Cordain, Janette Brand Miller, S Boyd Eaton and Neil Mann Macronutrient estimations in hunter-gatherer diets American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 72, No. 6, 1589-1590, December 2000.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=50470

59 Aiello LC, Wheeler PE. The expensive-tissue hypothesis. Current Anthropol 36:199-221, 1995.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=50699

60 S. Boyd Eaton, MD, Stanley B. Eaton III Evolution, Diet and Health , poster session, the Williamsburg-ICAES conference 1998.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=51039



Section 2 on trans fat and fat oxidation:

51 Ascherio A, Hennekens CH, Buring JE, Master C, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC. 1994. Trans-fatty acids intake and risk of myocardial infarction. Circulation 89:94-101.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=50278

52 Letter Report on Dietary Reference Intakes for Trans Fatty Acids; Institute of Medicine in the National Academy of Sciences, July 10, 2002. <http://www.iom.edu/iom/iomhome.nsf/Pages/FNB+Reports.>

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=50278

53 Dietary Guidelines for Americans <http://www.nal.usda.gov/fnic/dga/dga95/lowfat.html>

54 Felton CV et al: Dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids and composition of human aortic plaques. Lancet 1994; 344:1195-1196.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=51797

55 Nippon Rinsho, Modified low-density lipoprotein. 1994 Dec; 52(12):3090-5.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=51755
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/...4&dopt=Abstract

56 Bourre JM, Piciotti M. Alterations in eighteen-carbon saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acid peroxisomal oxidation in mouse brain during development and aging. Biochem Mol Biol Int 1997 Mar;41(3):461-8.

http://forum.lowcarber.org/showthre...&threadid=51755
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/...3&dopt=Abstract
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